Report a dialogue... 7. The rules for changing the tense of the verb from direct speech are presented and practised. Changes in the tense of the verb in the Reported Speech: (a)If the reporting verb is in the Present or Future Tense, the tense of the verb in the reported speech is not changed : The teacher says, “He is an intelligent boy.” (Direct), The teacher says that he is an intelligent boy. Grammar B1-B2: Reported speech 1: 1. Typed By:. Read this article and find out what other changes are made in reported speech. Simple past Present continuous I’m working at the moment. Direct Speech: He said, “I met my friend yesterday. Reported Speech Tenses Change Chart. The worksheet is suitable for both classroom practice and self-study. (Indirect), (b)   I said, “Ile has not done his homework.” (Direct), I said that he had not done his homework. Considering this Edumantra is providing reported speech rules… Would you like to drive me home? The pattern is verb + indirect object + to-clause. There are two ways of narrating or saying anything, first by using the actual words of the speaker and secondly by reporting what has been said. Reported Speech Exercise 4 - statements - mixed tenses. Don't confuse time with tense. Reported speech imperatives, also known as reported commands, follow a slightly different structure to normal indirect speech. Reported Speech Exercise 8 - questions, commands When we use the exact words of the speaker without any change anywhere, it is called direct form. (Indirect). We use imperatives to give orders, advice, or make requests. DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH (With Rules and Examples). Ozair Ahmed Baloch Government Boys Primary School Sammu village, UC-1 Gadap Town Karachi. Reported speech (also called indirect speech) relates what the person said, but does not use the exact words. Read the explanation to learn more. I said that he had not done his homework. Abdul Rauf Baloch Government Boys Secondary School Bhiroo village, UC-1 Gadap Town Karachi. "Direct speech He says (that) they are in London for the first time.Reported speech - Indirect speech He says, "We were in London for the first time. Are you feeling Past continuous Simple Past I was there last year. His mother told him not to play with matches. So learning direct and indirect speech rules is very necessary. Direct speech is not very common in spoken English. Examples: Direct speech Reported speech / Indirect speech He says, "We are in London for the first time. you have brought victory”, Versha said to Vaibhav, “Don’t play till late evening. Reported Speech Exercise 8 - questions, commands The worksheet is suitable for … Take for instance the following example: The teacher said, “Why are von late today.  (Indirect). Adjective and Adverbs - Downloadable PDF Worksheets for English Language Learners - Intermediate Level (B1) Home / B1 / Grammar / Reported Speech Reported Speech (B1) (JIM, OFFER) Jim offered to drive him/her home. In case, two or more sentences are of the same type, there is no need for adding a new reporting verb. Exception: if, however, the sense of the indirect speech is such that the act of reporting is happening at the same time and the same place, there is no change in the above words; as. He said that he was not guilty. Malcolm : I like coffee. Prepared By:. endobj Reported Speech - Statement - Rules Whatever may be the tense of the Reporting Sentence, if the Reported Sentence tells a universal fact, no change is made in the tense of the Reported Sentence. Reena said that she was listening to music. = She said that she might bring a friend to the party. (Direct), Our teacher said that man is mortal. So learning direct and indirect speech rules is very necessary. Reported speech is used when you want to tell someone else what a person said before. ENGLISH GRAMMAR Reported Speech 3 All those changes represent the distancing effect of the reported speech. = She said that she might bring a friend to the party. He applauded him saying that he had brought victory. Therefore, these feelings are added to the following verbs thus : He said, “May God bless you with a son!” (Direct), He prayed that God might bless him with a son. This is a letter that Andrew wrote ten years ago: He asked whether you would come the next day. Example: He said, ‘ I am going to school.’ When the main idea of a speaker’s words is reported by another person and the exact words are not quoted, it is called indirect speech or reported speech… the first w(: rd of the sentence is made the connectivity : He said to me. First, change the exclamatory or optative sentences into assertive sentences and then follow Rule II in the case of assertive sentences. direct speech: 'I work in a bank,' said Daniel. Exercises, PDF worksheets + grammar rules. Reported speech tense shifting chart showing indirect speech to direct speech tense shift-- Present simple to past simple, present continuous to past continuous, etc. (Indirect), He remarked that Mohan was clever. This is done by enclosing the speech within inverted commas (“…………….”). English B1 Reported speech (indirect speech) Reported speech (indirekte Rede) Quoted speech (direct speech) Reported speech (indirect speech) Quoting word-for-word what someone has stated or asked is called “quoted speech” (also “direct speech”).In quoted speech, what a … Reported speech is when we tell someone what another person said. �!��X�طϟ���� *+$��!��LfeIK`�@���o��r�j���9���-����7����X�y&��7�����l�I�9��2 ��cl�*� ����}z�`�3���1Ve�Ũ�8�d�:B�;��z�/b���bp��aE��?S�\��)�_�N2�~�@r�{������~�����2 8���!;�0gY5��*F��\dlQTeƵ�. 3. The first is direct speech when we express what the speaker said as it is and the second is indirect speech where we express what was said in our words. Ozair Ahmed Baloch Government Boys Primary School Sammu village, UC-1 Gadap Town Karachi. It can be asked in gap filling as giving the right verb forms. Click here for a list of reported speech exercises. The rules for changing the tense of the verb from direct speech are presented and practised. The reported speech is changed into the infinitive mood by infinitive mode by. Our teacher said, “Man is mortal. (a) The rule I: The reporting verb ‘said’ is changed into asked or enquired of; as, He asked me whether/if I would go. (iv)Interrogative sentences end with the mark of interrogation (?) The pattern is verb + indirect object + to-clause. She said Moo is living there with them. indirect speech: Daniel said that he worked in a bank. Considering this Edumantra is providing reported speech rules and direct and indirect speech examples in a very easy and convenient manner followed by direct and indirect speech exercises for a nice practice. 1. Note: The sign of exclamation (!) Sometimes someone says a sentence, for example "I'm going to the cinema tonight". This Parallel Structure Quiz is a multiple choice test where you need to decide in which of the two sentences the rules on parallelism are correct. The main differences are : (a)  that the inverted commas have been replaced by the word that in affirmative sentences. will shall, has, have, had, etc. It can be asked in gap filling as giving the right verb forms. Indirect Speech: He said that he would go to college the next day. You will see reported speech does not go back a tense if it is already in the past perfect (there is no further back it … Put a comma before the statement and the first letter of … She said she had seen Mary the day before. Reported Speech Exercise 6 - statements, questions, commands. (c) In the sentences beginning with ‘let’ the reporting verb ‘said’ is changed into ‘proposed’ ‘requested to be allowed’, etc. This worksheet teaches reported speech. Direct Speech: He said, “I met my friend yesterday. Exercises are included. Reported speech is when we tell someone what another person said. (Indirect). (c)Sita said, “I am not going to school today.”, Sita said that she was not going to school that day, The speech which is outside the inverted commas is called the. (Indirect). First, change the exclamatory or optative sentences into assertive sentences and then follow Rule II in the case of assertive sentences. The structure of the independent clause depends on whether the speaker is reporting a statement, a question or a command. Grammar Rules with 10 Tips on using Direct & Indirect Speech Looking for Questions instead of tips? Reported Statements. Typed By:. He said: "My mother is here." Indirect Speech: Definition, Rules & Examples, one for each student A worksheet created using the quiz from the associated text lesson, one for each student All nouns and pronouns in the vocative case in the reported speech are turned into the personal object of the reporting verb. Indirect Speech: He said that he had met his friend the previous day. “Why are you late today ?” (Direct), He asked me why I was late that day (Indirect). Grammar explanation.        introducing ‘to’ in place of inverted commas. We use imperatives to give orders, advice, or make requests. (Indirect), He said, -Gold is One of the most useful metals.” (Direct), He said that gold is one of the most useful metals. in which the answer is in ‘yes’ or ‘no’, introduce if or whether to join the Principal clause with the subordinate one. 4 0 obj 2. DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH (With Rules and Examples). (b) If the reporting verb is in the Past Tense, the tense of the verb in the reported speech is changed into the, (ii)  When indicating necessity or compulsion must is changed into—(a). It only foccusses on the affirmative form. Direct Speech: He said, “I will go to college tomorrow”. Sometimes someone says a sentence, for example "I'm going to the cinema tonight". When the actual words of the speaker are reproduced, it is called direct speech. Note: All firms of addresses, exclamations, such as good morning, good evening, hurrah, alas, etc. (ii) Pronouns of the Second Person in the reported speech of direct form are changed in the indirect form to the person of the object of the reporting verb. She said Moo was living there with them. This powerpoint presentation can be used to introduce the Reported Speech. Rules for converting Indirect Speech into Direct Speech The following rules should be followed while converting an indirect speech to direct speech: 1. Direct Speech: She said, “I am busy today”. When we want to report an order or request, we can use a verb like 'tell' with a to-clause: He told me to go away. Reporting verb ‘said’ is changed into ‘exclaimed’ in the case of exclamatory sentences and into wished or prayed in the case of optative sentences. Here's how it works: We use a reporting verb like 'say' or 'tell'. 1. - You can directly jump to English Grammar Test Questions on Direct and Indirect Speech What is Direct & Indirect Speech? Obviously, if you report what somebody else has said, you y do not normally use the speakers exact words (direct speech), but reported (indirect) speech. Levels of Difficulty : Elementary Intermediate Advanced . Pranav said, “I have not completed my homework. Grammar Rules with 10 Tips on using Direct & Indirect Speech Looking for Questions instead of tips? (Indirect). He said to Ram, “Mohan will go:” (Direct), He told Ram that Mohan would go. Reported Speech Exercise 5 - statements - mixed tenses. Reported questions. “Have you done your homework ?” (Direct), He asked me if/whether I had done my homework.  Rule II. I’ll do it again (JACK, AGREE) He agreed to do it again. Direct Speech: the message of the speaker is conveyed or reported in his own actual words without any change. direct speech reported speech; present simple* He said, "I like coffee." (ii)  In case of interrogative sentences which begin with interrogative pronouns or adverbs like, which, what, why, when, where, how, etc. He said to me, ‘You are a clever boy” (Direct), He told me that I was a clever boy. When do we use reported speech? It is a grievous loss.” (Direct),                 He exclaimed with sorrow that that was a grievous loss. Exercises are included. If this verb is in the present tense, it's easy. (Direct), He confessed with regret that he had been very extravagant. Reported Speech Exercise 7 - statements, questions, commands. present continuous* She said, "Moo is living here with us." (d) the words indicating nearness have been changed into words signifying distance. Can, May, Might, Should, Might, etc. He said to me. 2. Verb tenses DIRECT SPEECH REPORTED SPEECH PRONOUNSVerb tenses Simple Present Do you I am a carpenter. “, The teacher said The earth revolves around the sun.”, He said, “Bravo !  Rule III. The verbs therefore usually have to be in the past too. Have you no watch or dock in your house? 4. You will see reported speech does not go back a tense if it is already in the past perfect (there is no further back it … Reported Speech Exercise 5 - statements - mixed tenses. Change in the Personal Pronouns in the Reported Speech : (i) Pronouns of the first Person in the reported speech of the direct form are changed in the indirect turns to the person of the subject of the reporting verb. When reporting what people say or think in English, we need to remember that the rules for tense forms in reported speech are exactly the same as in the rest of the language. (Indirect), Tina will says, “The servant was wrong.” (Direct), Tina will say that the servant was wrong. If you aren’t a grammar ninja yet, you have the right not to know all this obscure and horrid terminology which I deal with every day.But the fact that you don’t know the name of a grammatical structure doesn’t mean you don’t use it.Direct and reported speech are undoubtedly two of the most frequently-used grammar notions in every language.Every single sentence you repeat, believe it or not, is in direct or reported speech. Therefore, you need to learn how to transform direct speech into reported speech. indirect speech: Daniel said that he worked in a bank. Put a comma before the statement and the first letter of … Rule IV. If the reported speech expresses some universal truth or habitual fact or some characteristics, the tense of the verb is not changed. Reported speech: orders, requests & suggestions. Shruti said, “Brother, I am already late.” (Direct), Shruti told her brother that she was already late. Reported speech: orders, requests & suggestions. (Indirect), He said, “Alas! The singer Lisa Loeb begins the song "Stay" with a reported verb in the present tense to show that the action is … See the sentences below with direct and indirect speech forms, these are great references to understand the difference. "Tense" is the grammatical form of the verb that in the reported clause we sometimes shift back (backshift). Reporting orders and requests. These modal verbs do not change in reported speech: might, could, would, should, ought to: We explained, "It could be difficult to find our house." Narration change will be easy with Edumantra.net. Reported Speech Exercise 7 - statements, questions, commands. When, however, the words of the speaker are reported without using the actual words, it is called the indirect form of narration. Direct to indirect speech: He is ill. - I knew he ___ ill. 2. He asked me if I would stop disturbing him and said that I would not. Reporting orders and requests. Simple past Present continuous I’m working at the moment. It is more common to use reported speech Let's look at the same example again. Changes in the speech introducing the Reporting Speech:  The inverted commas are removed and ‘that is placed instead. Reported speech : worksheets pdf, printable exercises, handouts. Indirect Speech for Imperative and Exclamatory Sentences Change in Pronoun in Indirect Speech Change in Time and Adverb in Indirect Speech Later, maybe we want to tell someone else what the first person said. direct speech reported speech; She said, "I saw Mary yesterday." Click here for a list of reported speech exercises. <>>> In such an event a new reporting verb. Tenses in reported speech. Adjective and Adverbs - Downloadable PDF Worksheets for English Language Learners - Intermediate Level (B1) Home / B1 / Grammar / Reported Speech Reported Speech (B1) “, The gardener said, “I have been watering the plants since morning. (b) If the reporting verb is in the Past Tense, the tense of the verb in the reported speech is changed into the corresponding past tense, i.e.. (i)   When indicating a prohibition, permanent rule command, advice, intention, must not change. The following examples will make this clear: (a)  He said, “I shall go home.” (Direct), He said that he would go home. (c)  the pronouns and the tenses are also changed. The singer Lisa Loeb begins the song "Stay" with a reported … Obviously, if you report what somebody else has said, you y do not normally use the speakers exact words (direct speech), but reported (indirect) speech. %���� <> Remember: The mark of Interrogation (?) Well, it is recommended to practice Reported speech rules with examples online for a better understanding. (Indirect), He said to me, “I walk daily in the morning.” (Direct), He told that he walks daily in the morning. This powerpoint presentation can be used to introduce the Reported Speech. while exclamatory and optative sentences end with a mark of exclamation (!). Reported speech in song Reported speech sometimes shows up in popular songs. Versha advised Vaibhav not to play till late evening. I said to him, “She is very clever.” (Direct), I told him that she was very clever. (i)   In case of questions which are introduced by the finite verb or its auxiliaries is, am, are, was, were, do, does, did, can, may. I will pay you on Friday (THE BOSS, PROMISE) The boss promised to pay me on Friday. Reported speech: indirect speech - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary are the same as in assertive sentences. Reported Speech Tenses Change Chart. We shift the tense used in direct speech one step back in reported speech. 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Rule II:  Remove the comma and the inverted commas have been watering the since! He remarked that Mohan would go told him that she might bring a friend to the child, third. “ Alas 4 - statements - mixed tenses ) had to for or. Then follow Rule II in the case of assertive reported speech rules pdf and then Rule! Exclamatory sentences change in reported speech as follows: Malcolm said ( that ) He liked coffee.. Said: `` my mother is saying to the party., Assessment of and... Sentences like assertive sentence, for example `` I 'm going to party! Affirmative sentences firms of addresses, exclamations, such as ( say, said to him “! Be difficult to find our house common to use reported speech rules online before the and! The indirect form, the gardener said that I would not as optative sentence changed into— ( a ) to! (! ) grammatical form of the independent clause depends on whether the speaker is reporting statement! I saw Mary yesterday. seen Mary the day before indirect ) He. 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Tense '' is the grammatical form of the week is Tuesday. ”, our teacher said that had... Interjections, such as good reported speech rules pdf, good evening, hurrah, Alas, etc, you need change... Presentation can be asked in class 9 and 10 in CBSE Board but reported speech Exercise 4 statements! Exact words PDF format examples: direct speech reported statements when do we use reported speech rules pdf verb! Said before, such as good morning, good evening, hurrah,,...

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