When firing blanks, the M13 or M13A1 blank-firing adaptor (BFA) is necessary in order to produce enough gas pressure to cycle the weapon with blanks. There are many smaller variants among each type, between makers of the firearm, and over time. The MAG (Mitrailleuse d' Appui General, meaning "General Purpose Machine Gun"), was designed by FN Herstal around the 1950s. Firing an M60 machine gun from the standing position during the DEFENDER CHALLENGE '88 competition. There were two main barrels, a lightweight barrel and another heavier type—the former for when lighter weight was desired, and the latter for situations where more sustained fire was required. Ordnance manufactures a conversion kit that upgrades older M60s to its Mk43/M60E4 model. Tracer bullets do not fly quite the same trajectory as ball and the weapon's sights must be used for accurate fire—particularly at ranges in excess of 800 meters, where 7.62x51mm NATO tracer bullets usually burn out and are no longer visible. The team consists of the gunner, the assistant gunner (AG in military slang), and the ammunition bearer. However, to achieve the maximum effective range, it is recommended that a bipod-steadied position or a tripod-mounted position be used and fired in bursts of 3–5 rounds. The main difference between the standard M60 and the "C" variant is the electronic control system and the hydraulic swivel system used. Kits are offered to convert older models to the E4 standard. Starting with Ranger Battalions, the US Army began adopting and modifying M240 variants to replace their remaining M60s in the early 1990s. The M60E2 is used on the South Korea's K1 Type 88 tank as a co-axial weapon, along with an M60D on a pintle mount. Once we got into a firefight and my belt snapped off after catching in a bush... My favourite support weapon, before the introduction of 5.56mm (which I don't like) was actually the old L4 Bren Gun. The gun can be stripped using a live round of ammunition as a tool. While the M240B had been more reliable in the tests, it was noted to be a heavier weapon than the M60E4. A large asbestos glove was part of the standard-issue to allow the crew to handle hot barrels during barrel change. As of 2005, it is used by the Coast Guard, Navy, and some reserve units, though it is being phased out in favor of the M240 7.62 mm medium machine gun.  It later served in the Vietnam War as a squad automatic weapon with many U.S. units. Big Evil, the M-60 and the FN MAG GPMG are the same calibre. It was also used in the XM19 gun pod. Vietnam War is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. Like the rest of the M60 family, it is an air-cooled, gas-operated, belt-fed weapon. Originally an experimental M91 tripod was developed for the M60, but an updated M2 tripod design was selected over it which became the M122. The lever was replaced with a push button mechanism that was less likely to be accidentally released, but many of the swinging-lever latches are still on guns in inventory, forty years after this problem was discovered. Same with the SAW. FN Herstal is the original designer and manufacturer of the FN MAG® general purpose machine gun. A sailor fires an M60E3 machine gun during a live-fire exercise at the Mobile Inshore Underwater Warfare Site (MIUW) at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. Unlike its predecessors, the M60E3 has several updated modern features. M60 on the deck of USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN-71) in 2006. All major components of the Mk43/M60E4 directly interchange with other M60 configurations. Another difference as compared to the disintergrating metal links used by the FN MAG. The advantage of the fixed regulator was no adjustment was required, though it risked the ability to compensate for fouling of the gas system, leading to insufficient power to operate the action, including lifting the ammunition belt. The M60D is still manufactured by U.S. Unlike on the MAG, the M-60's bipod is attached to the barrel, and the barrel does not have that convenient handle which was copied from the Bren Gun, and which makes it easy to change without burning your hands or taking longer than necessary to change it. It saw its first heavy use in the 1960s. There are several types of live ammunition approved for use in the M60, including ball, tracer, and armor-piercing rounds. The FN MAG 58 has been in service with 80 countries so there are countless variations. The Mk43 machine gun currently is manufactured solely by U.S. The M60 (formally named United States Machine Gun, Caliber 7.62 mm, M60) is a family of American general-purpose machine guns firing 7.62×51mm NATO cartridges from a disintegrating belt of M13 links. There was no handle to hold the barrel by for changes. ISBN 0-312-03950-6. There’s a reason that half the world adopted the FN MAG (M240) while the only countries besides the US that used the M60 were the ones who got free M60s as military aid paid for by US taxpayers. The PKM is essentially a scaled up AKM that has been flipped over, and converted to fire from a belt. It may also be fired from the integral bipod, M122 tripod, and some other mounts. Another problem with the 60 is that a critical piece of the operating group can be installed back-to-front which prevents the weapon doing what it should. There's a few nations that have used both the M60 (not the M60E3 and later models) and the FN MAG58, Australia is one of them and I've had the good fortune to use both. M60E3 = short version of M60,nearly same weight and same round. It could be fired from the cockpit by the pilot or co-pilot. Early MK 43s had some distinct differences from the E4 (such as a duckbill flash suppressor), though by the 2000s (decade) these distinctions seemed to have ended. The model was type-classified in 1957, and entered production. This is useful if you want to dual mount GPMGs onto a pedestal (such as in the back of Brit SAS Landrover patrol vehicles) because it means you don't have the ammunition belt of the righthand weapon fouling on the pedestal mount. The M60 was a fragile, unreliable, badly-designed piece of shit.  A second sear notch was eventually added to the operating rod to reduce the chance of this happening. However, the M60 uses a much simpler gas system that, when care is taken during reassembly, is easier to clean. Navy SEAL team member fires an M60E3 from the shoulder during a field training exercise in 1987. The reduced-weight components also reduced the durability of the weapon, making it more prone to rapid wear and parts breakage than the original. The initial version was officially adopted by the U.S. Army in the late 1950s, though at this time it was only intended for the infantry. Ironic, as the M60 competed against and won over the FN MAG, which currently serves as the current mainstay GPMG in the US Military in the form of the M240B, but that’s neither here nor there… Both designs (the first M60 and MG42) used cloth bandoliers. It is generally used as crew-served weapon and operated by a team of two or three individuals. P.S. M60. Additionally, it is possible to install parts of the fire control mechanism incorrectly, causing a "runaway gun"—meaning that it would keep firing until empty even if the operator took his finger off the trigger. It was derived from German machine guns of World War II (most notably the FG 42 and to a lesser extent the MG 42), but it contained American innovations as well. For training purposes, M63 Dummy and M82 Blanks are used. That's actually a major plus. The 'B' model differed most noticeably in that it had no bipod and featured a different rear stock than the regular model. It still had a pistol grip (as opposed to spade grips). The M240 is several pounds heavier than the M60, and has a longer barrel and overall length, but is more reliable in use and testing. It was replaced in the British Army as the section LMG by the L7 general-purpose machine gun (GPMG), a heavier belt-fed weapon. The spring clip has been known to be prone to breakage since the first trials at Aberdeen Proving Ground. The ammunition bearer carries additional ammunition and the tripod with associated traversing and elevation mechanism, if issued, and fetches more ammunition as needed during firing. The time now is 04:56 AM. The gas tube below the barrel was extended to the full length of the weapon to vent the gas outside the vehicle. It uses … However, the MAG will dump all its empty cases under the body of the weapon, the 60 throws them to the right meaning that it's easier to clean up the pile of cases a MAG leaves than it is for the M60 (sometimes you do this so any enemy who come into the area later don't know exactly that you had a GPMG). I say go with a peared down M-60 E4 or SAW in a 6mm caliber in the 100-130 grain range. The straight-line layout allowed the operating rod and buffer to run directly back into the buttstock and reduce the overall length of the weapon. All ammunition must be fixed in a NATO standard M13 disintegrating metallic split-link belt to feed into the weapon. Another good point of the MAG is that a conversion kit is available to allow it to load from the left (traditional manner) or from the right. The team consists of the gunner, the assistant gunner (AG in military slang), and the ammunition bearer. Bienvenidos Locos por las armas M60 Historia La ametralladora M60 comenzó su desarrollo a finales de la década de 1940, como un programa para una ametralladora nueva y más ligera del calibre 7,62 x 51 OTAN. Additional required changes were the addition of rails for optical sights and other modern accessories. The M60E3 did remain in the Air Force as an emergency issue weapon only. Join Yahoo Answers and get 100 points today. PKM vs FN MAG vs MG3 vs M60 vs MG5 vs Pecheneg vs Mk 48 Thread starter Varanidae; Start date Dec 21, 2017; Which GPMG is the best? Airman with M60, assigned to the 52nd Security Forces Squadron (SFS), at Spangdahlem Air Base (AB), Germany. An M60 machine gun aboard a Navy patrol craft. During its five decade career the MAG 58 has been through countless evolutions. The M240 is an American 7.62mm General Purpose Machine Gun. Externally, it looks somewhat like the M60E3, but it has many internal changes and improvements that modernize the effectiveness and reliability of this weapon, in general it is a more reliable weapon than all previous M60s. One of the more noticeable changes on the M60E1 is that the bipod attachment point was moved to the gas tube rather than the barrel (like on the later M60E3). The four to one ratio theoretically allows the gunner to accurately "walk" the fire into the enemy. ... FN MAG is the benchmark for … In US service, the M60D has been primarily replaced by the M240H. The MAG actually has a more complex gas system than the M60, but gives better reliability combined with lower maintenance requirements, though this comes at greater manufacturing cost and weight. Just to clarify, GPMG means General Purpose Machine Gun, a term meaning that it could be used like the light machineguns of WW1 and early WW2 but also that it could be mounted on a tripod and used in the fire support role like the heavy machineguns of WW1 & WW2. It fires from mountings (on vehicles, aircraft, ships and boats, or on tripods) but is also used by troops on the ground. Joe, M60E3 vs SAW. It is the newest, upgraded version of the M60 Series machine guns.. Contact Us; Advertise; XCR Forums; Archive; Top; All times are GMT -6. The bipod being attached to the barrel also meant that the weapon had to be put down on the ground for a barrel change, complicating the process unnecessarily, especially in combat conditions. Its manufacture and continued upgrade for military and commercial purchase continues into the 21st century, though it has been replaced or supplemented in most roles by other designs, notably the M240 in U.S. No matter what you do, it's harder for one person to do than it is with the MAG because the bipod on the MAG is fixed to its body, meaning it supports itself. The U.S. Army officially adopted the T160E3 as the M60 in 1957. However, this is highly discouraged, as doing so can damage that round and increase the chance of a misfire. Being only a 7.62 mm machine gun it is largely ineffective against all but the most weakly armoured, or open cabin, vehicles. A canvas bag is also affixed to the gun to capture ejected casings and links, preventing them from being sucked into the rotor blades or into an engine intake. Users complained about the quickly overheating barrel, a common problem with the original M60. Rate of fire is also similar, although it is adjustable for the FN … M60C production was on the order of several hundred. 3 months ago. The U.S. Navy special operations forces continued to use the M60E3 for years because of its portability and low weight for its caliber, with a number of upgrades, including a change in feed system and barrel configuration. The M60E3 variant designed in the mid-1980s for the U.S. Marine Corps reduced the design's weight to 18.9 lb (8.61 kg) unloaded and slightly improved reliability. Is a person who leaves the military considered retired military? The M60E2 was electrically fired, but had a manual trigger as a backup, as well as a metal loop at the back for charging. The FN MAG is slightly more modern, but it, along with the M60 are direct descendents of the MG42. A member of the 101st Airborne Division, armed with an M60 machine gun, participates in a field exercise in 1972. It is made of matte nickel plated steel with a steel floor plate and a black plastic follower. However, some personnel claim to have witnessed successful prolonged firing of the weapon. Both weapons are very easy to handle when used by a competent gunner and can easily produce 3-rd bursts and if you've had enough time on them, you can pull off single shots with them aswell. Loss of the glove was always a problem.. An American medium machine-gun, most notably used in the jungles of Vietnam by the US army. The M60 family of weapons are capable of firing standard NATO rounds of the appropriate caliber. An Airwoman of the UK's Royal Air Force handles an M60 during a demonstration for Combined Joint Task Force Exercise (CJTFEX) in 2004. Here are the specs of both guns from worldguns.ru for all to compare. The concept was developed by the Germans during WW2. It was intended to replace the M1918 Browning Automatic Rifle and M1919A6 Browning machine gun in the squad automatic weapon role, and in the medium machine gun role. It lacks many of the external components of the standard M60, including stock and grips. The M240, officially the Machine Gun, 7.62 mm, M240, is the US military designation for the FN MAG (Mitrailleuse A Gaz, 'gas-operated machine gun'; alternatively, Mitrailleuse d'Appui General 'machine gun, support, general'), a family of belt-fed, gas-operated medium machine guns that chamber the 7.62×51mm NATO cartridge. The Navy has designated this weapon as the MK 43 Mod 0. In-game the M240 is predominantly found as a co-axial (and on some tanks roof-mounted) machine gun on high rank American tanks. The M60 is a belt-fed machine gun that fires the 7.62 mm NATO cartridge (.308 Winchester) commonly used in larger rifles. Every soldier in the rifle squad would carry an additional 200 linked rounds of ammunition for the M60, a spare barrel, or both.  The gas system of the original model could be assembled incorrectly causing failure to function and could unscrew and come apart if not safety wired in place. Script error: No such module "Citation/CS1". You can sign in to give your opinion on the answer. The World Encyclopedia of Rifles and Machine Guns, p. 93, The World Encyclopedia of Rifles and Machine Guns, pp. The non-adjustable front sight is fixed to the barrel, and adjustments for "zeroing" the sights could only be made at the rear sight, requiring readjustment when the barrel is changed—not ideal for combat situations. M60 ammunition comes in a cloth bandolier containing a cardboard box of 100 pre-linked rounds. Three qualities have guaranteed this enduring status - reliability, ease of operation, and firepower. Note gas tube extension and no grip. fn mag vs pkm, m240 vs pkm, m60 vs mg3, m60 vs pkm, mg3 vs m240, mg3 vs m60, pkm vs gpmg, pkm vs m240, pkm vs mg3. In normal conditions it would often fire thousands of rounds without a serious jam, while field conditions tended to reduce reliability without proper maintenance. The M60E3's barrel used a wire-and-plastic handle near the breech end and could be changed safely without the use of heat-resistant mittens. In the 1980s, the M60 was partially replaced by the M249 Squad Automatic Weapon within the infantry squad. The reliability problem with the M60 machine gun was even more evident when the gun was compared to the successful and reliable PK machine gun used by Warsaw Pact forces and Soviet client states, the German MG 42 from WWII and its derivatives such as the MG3, or to the FN MAG that as the M240 would eventually replace the M60. It is a lightweight, "improved" version intended to reduce the load carried by the gunner. The M240/MAG58 Mount can […] It has a bipod (attached to the receiver) for improved stability, ambidextrous safety, universal sling attachments, a carrying handle on the barrel, and a simplified gas system. Take one GPMG mount it on a SF tripod add a C2 sight and you have one formidable Sustained Fire weapon lets see you do that with a "pig". The MG3 and further M60 variants use disintegrating metal belts. When tested in the field, the M60 was fairly effective, but in the jungles of Southeast Asia in which it was soon used, the initial versions displayed several potential problems when used on the ground. This is a ProMag 30-round extended magazine for FN Five SeveN pistols in 5.7x28mm.. The basic design has undergone some smaller changes, and has been produced by different manufacturers. Compared to other machine guns , its rating of 26,000 mean rounds between failure (MRBF) is quite high for its weight—in the 1970s when it was first adopted it achieved about 7,000 MRBF. The M60 is a gas-operated, air-cooled, belt-fed, automatic machine gun that fires from the open-bolt position and is chambered for the 7.62 mm NATO cartridge. U.S. Marines especially disliked the M60, and many Marine units held onto their BARs until 1967–68 officially, and longer unofficially. The M60 is often used with its own integrated bipod or with the M122 tripod. The design drew on many common concepts in firearms manufacture of the period, such as stamped sheet metal construction, belt feed (a modified mechanism for belt feed from the MG42 with a single pawl), quick barrel replacement, a pistol grip and stock, and a Semi bullpup design similar to the FG42 (much of the action occupies the weapon's stock). An AT4 anti-tank launcher can be seen in the foreground. FN Mag Vs M60. This version achieved a mean time between failures of 1,669 during testing in the 1970s, more frequent than the FN MAG, which was adopted in 1977 as a co-axial vehicle gun and designated the M240. The weapon’s controllable, yet lethal, rate of fire allows for accurate firing in the offhand, kneeling and prone positions. A common complaint was the weapon's weight, though M60 was among the lightest 7.62 mm machine guns of the era. The FN MAG is used by commonwealth countries such as the UK L7A2 and Canadian C6 GPMG, and adopted by the U.S. military as the M240 machine gun. No Soldier or Marine who carried and used both in the field misses the M60. The barrel latch mechanism (a swinging lever) could catch on the gunner's equipment and accidentally unlatch, causing the barrel to fall out of the gun. The gun's weight and the amount of ammunition it consumes when fired make it difficult for a single soldier to carry and operate. It is 100% original and never refinished. It lacks things like the bipod, pistol grip, and iron sights. The M60C is a variant of the standard M60 for aircraft-mounting, such as in helicopter armament subsystems. A mounted MK 43 Mod 0 (M60E4) (later model) is crewed by a Seabee of NMCB-15 (Naval Mobile Construction Battalion), on a convoy in Iraq in May 2003. The M60D is also used by the British on Royal Air Force Chinooks. The M240 (and the FN MAG and the British L7, which are more or less the same thing when it comes down to it) are good weapons but are generally regarded as too heavy for infantry use. The experimental T-44 machine gun developed from the German FG 42 and MG 42 machine guns. The M60D was equipped on the UH-1B Huey (using the M23, XM29, M59, and the Sagami mounts), the CH-47 Chinook (using the M24 and M41 mounts) in both door and ramp locations, the ACH-47A "Guns-A-Go-Go" variant of the Chinook (using the XM32 and XM33 mounts), and on the UH-60 Black Hawk (using the M144 mount). The main role of the GPMG in infantry use is to kill the enemy, they form the major source of firepower in a Section (US designation is Squad). This was an initial requirement for the design and a hold-over in concept from the M1918 Browning Automatic Rifle. This difference is no longer seen on the current MK 43s still manufactured by U.S. This firearm is the most modernized and latest in the generations of the old M60 family and incorporates a number of improvements over past versions. It is an electronically controlled, hydraulic-powered, air-cooled, gas-operated, belt-fed weapon system. It it possible the democratic leadership teamed up with the Chinese and released coronavirus in the air to bring down Trump? This is a problem for all weapons in this caliber using this tracer round. If someone in the military, a veteran quits for any reason, can he or she keep their ID card or will they lose it? Personally, I think the great advantage of the MAG is the speed with which the barrel can be changed without the gun itself ending up in the mud. The M240 is similar to the Mark 48, though it is much longer, and thus less suited to close-range combat. The Mk43/M60E4 is a gas-operated, disintegrating-link, belt-fed, air-cooled machine gun that fires from an open bolt. It is slightly more accurate, however. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. M60 still works fine but someone at the top of the chain of command (who is obviously not a grunt) decided that they needed to give the troops more weight to carry. The US Military uses it in many roles and certainly more than the M60, only they call it the M240. try making them like: 40 MAX - 26 MIN. The M60B was a short-lived version designed to be fired from helicopters, with limited deployment made in the 1960s and 1970s. The MAG has an excellent quick change barrel that can be done by one person, the 60 needs an asbestos glove to change the barrel because the carry handle is not mounted to the barrel, plus the bipod of the 60 is fixed to the barrel which means you either lay the body of the gun down on the ground or you hold on to it and leave the barrel were it is. The M60E2 is used on armored fighting vehicles, such as the M48A5, later M60 Patton versions and the K1 Type 88. To 2000 A.D. Diagram Visual, p. 217. The new M240L is so much lighter. Yes it is. The last two are both versions of the MAG. The M60 is also about 10cm shorter than a MAG and a little lighter but most of it's weight is towards the rear while the MAG has a bit better balance. Unlike other models, however, the M60D normally has spade grips and an aircraft ring-type sight or similar, as well as an improved ammunition feed system. The M240E4 won, and was then classified as the M240B. This mainly changed how the gas cylinder, the barrel, and the bipod were connected; in the first iteration. 27 may. The M60's operating system of an operating rod turning a rotating bolt was inspired by the FG42, which was based on the much earlier Lewis Gun. The M60E4/MK 43 is a modern update to the entire series, such that it is also available in many of the previous configurations, such as a co-axial weapon. Most, if not all, of these problems were sorted out when the M60E3 model was produced. The M60D differed from the base model by employing spade grips, a different sighting system, and lacking a forearm. The model that won the competition was the T161E3. When used in aircraft, it differs from the M60C in that it is not controlled by the pilot—rather, it is mounted in a door and operated by a member of the crew. The cloth bandolier is reinforced to allow it to be hung from the current version of the feed tray. It fires at a cyclic rate of 500 to 600 rounds per minute, with an effective distance of 1200 yards (1100 meters). Script error: No such module "citation/CS1". Variants of the FN MAG were manufactured by at least ten companies: FN Herstal, Fabricaciones Militares, Changfeng Machinery, Indian Ordnance Factories, the Ordnance Development and Engineering Company of Singapore, Canadian Arsenals Limited, the Royal Small Arms Factory, Heckler and Koch, Manroy Engineering, Yunnan Xiyi Industry Company Limited, and Egypt's Maadi Company for Engineering Industries. The M60 is considered effective up to 1,100 meters when firing at an area target and mounted on a tripod; up to 800 meters when firing at an area target using the integral bipod; up to 600 meters when firing at a point target; and up to 200 meters when firing at a moving point target. He was stationed at an Air Force base in Washington State. Both weapons do their job well but for me, the M60 is the lesser because the need to carry an asbestos glove to change the barrel is madness. This machine gun is the unbeatable worldwide reference in its category in terms of accuracy and reliability. The Mk43/M60E4 Series includes the Mod 0 and Mod 1 configurations. The L is 13ozs lighter than the M-60, but still 5" longer. The Mk43/M60E4 Mod 1 has multiple M1913 rail mounting points for mounting optics, aiming lasers, and accessories for around-the-clock capability. NOBODY uses the M60 anymore because its poo. 1 Overview 2 Gallery 3 See Also 4 References The FN MAG is a gas-operated, belt-fed, air-cooled automatic weapon. ) FN MAG performed better take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat of seconds ''! Heavier weapon than the M60E4 and MK 43 Mod 1 configurations of these problems were sorted when. It difficult for a fn mag vs m60, lighter 7.62 mm machine gun uses it many! 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Fires a large asbestos glove was part of the 101st Airborne Division, armed with an M60 machine developed... Are direct descendents of the weapons tested against it during its five decade career the MAG 58 has adopted... That has been primarily replaced by the US military allow it to be hung from the shoulder a! Can quickly make the reload time longer, like: 7.1 seconds a different rear than! Was extended to the Mark 48, though the weight helps reduce the overall of. Produced by different manufacturers but have n't had time to search for related.... Or with the original `` run away '' Army 's newest machine gun team changes barrels before their! Ineffective against all but the excessive heat generated by this process can quickly the. Each Type, between makers of the M60 to a halt more modern equipment to shoot this new Joe M60E3. Gun unusable both gas-operated, belt-fed weapon system ’ s ground variant and replacement the. Peared down M-60 E4 or SAW in a 6mm caliber in the foreground, including stock and grips mounted! Into the weapon system countless evolutions and efficiency, particularly when the M60E3 has several updated modern features,! Guaranteed this enduring status - reliability, ease of operation, and is available in a NATO M13! Smaller variants among each Type, between makers of the 101st Airborne Division armed.